OCTOBER IN THE HISTORY OF SERBIA
October is time of memorable events for Serbia. In 1944 the country was liberated from the Nazi invaders, paying a high price for this - lives of thousands of liberating soldiers, the Russians and the Serbs.
As a result of the joint Belgrade Offensive operation of the Red Army and the People’s Liberation Army of Yugoslavia (September 28 - October 20, 1944), they liberated Eastern and Southern parts of Yugoslavia from the forces of Nazi invaders. Previously, the operation was agreed in Moscow by Supreme Commander I.V. Stalin with the commander of the People’s Liberation Army of Yugoslavia I. Broz Tito.
In 1957 Marshal Tito ordered to perpetuate the memory of the fallen heroes and create military graves in the country.
Every year, grateful descendants pay tribute to the fallen soldiers, laying wreaths at their graves throughout Serbia. The Russian Serbian Humanitarian Center, together with residents, the city administration and local patriotic organizations, has been actively participating in this movement from the very beginning of its work in Nish. This year the Center’s employees laid flowers at the monuments of heroes in Nish, Subotica and Gorny Matejevac.
It should be noted that the memorial, created in 2015 at the expense of RSHC employees in memory of the fallen soldiers of the Red Army, has become one of the city sights most visited by the guests of Nish.
But October is also a month famous for other dates that are important and significant for the RSHC employees and their Serbian friends. On October 12, the Center’s representatives participated in a ceremony dedicated to the liberation of Nish in the First World War from the German-Austrian and Bulgarian invaders. The occupation lasted from 1915 to 1918. The Serbian army under the command of Petar Bojovic liberated the city on October 12, 1918. In that war, fraternal Serbia lost about 1.5 million inhabitants, which was 33% of its population.
But even back then, continuing the best traditions of Russian volunteers who helped the Serbs in the fight against the Ottomans, soldiers from two Special Russian Brigades fought from 1915 to 1918, on the Balkan Front in Macedonia, on the Solun Front and made a great contribution to the liberation of Serbia.
The RSHC helps local organizations to care for the graves of the heroes of that distant war in Greece and Macedonia.